Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease that affects the metabolism of sugar (glucose), an important source of fuel for the body. In type 2 diabetes, the body resists the effects of insulin, the hormone that controls the movement of sugar in cells, or does not produce enough insulin to maintain normal glucose levels reversing type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes, formerly known as adult diabetes, is now being diagnosed in more children, probably due to the increase in childhood obesity. There is no cure for type 2 diabetes, but you can control the disease by losing weight, eating well and exercising. If your diet and exercise are not enough to properly control your blood sugar, you may also need diabetes medications or insulin therapy.
The first signs of diabetes are not always noticeable. Many people are also asymptomatic and cannot be diagnosed for a long time. If you think you are experiencing any of these early symptoms, make an appointment with a doctor.
Frequent and / or excessive urination, also called polyuria, is a sign that blood sugar levels are high enough to “spill” in the urine. When the kidneys are not up to date with the amount of glucose, they release some of them in the urine.
Extreme thirst is another common early symptom of diabetes. It is linked to high blood sugar levels that cause thirst and are exacerbated with frequent urination. In many cases, drinking does not satisfy thirst.
Severe hunger and bulimia are early warning signs of diabetes. The body uses blood glucose to nourish the cells. If this system breaks down, the cells will not be able to absorb glucose. As a result, your body constantly searches for more fuel, which causes permanent hunger. Extra glucose circulates in the urine, so you can lose weight even if you eat more and more to satisfy your hunger. Puzzling weight loss can be a unique warning sign of diabetes.
Neuralgia or numbness
You may feel tingling or numbness in the hands, fingers, feet, and toes. This is a sign of nerve damage or diabetic neuropathy. This condition usually progresses slowly. You will probably experience this after years of living with diabetes, but that may be the first sign for many.
Nerve pain or numbness
You might experience tingling or numbness in your hands, fingers, feet, and toes. This is a sign of nerve damage, or diabetic neuropathy. This condition typically develops slowly. You are likely to experience this after years of living with diabetes, but it can be a first sign for many.
Slow healing wounds
There are several reasons wounds will heal more slowly if you have diabetes. Over time, high blood sugar levels narrow your blood vessels, slowing blood circulation and restricting needed nutrients and oxygen from getting to wounds.Prolonged, high blood sugar levels also damage your immune system, so your body has a harder time fighting infection.
Blurred vision usually occurs early in unmanaged diabetes. It can be a result of suddenly high blood sugar levels, which affect the tiny blood vessels in the eyes, causing fluid to seep into the lens of the eye. The blurriness will usually resolve. Still, see an eye doctor right away.
With prolonged high blood sugar levels, you become at risk for more serious conditions that can lead to blindness, such as diabetic retinopathy.
Dark skin patches
Dark, velvety discoloration in the folds of your skin is called acanthosis nigricans. This is another early warning sign of type 2 diabetes. It’s most common in the armpits, neck, and groin regions, and the skin also becomes thickened.
This is caused by an excess of insulin in the blood, which is common in people with type 2 diabetes because insulin resistance is the main precursor to type 2 diabetes.
Can diabetes be reversed?
To increase the likelihood of remission in type 2 diabetes, you should lose at least 15 kg as soon as possible. This is easier than it seems, so ask your diabetes team for help.
It is important to know that not everyone who loses so much will improve diabetes. However, losing 15 kg has many health benefits , even without remission. Even losing 5% of weight when overweight has important health benefits.